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Laws of Religion

Laws of Islam Concerning Women and Men

Summaries, with complete referencing, of key source texts

for the laws of Islam concerning

sexuality and relations between the sexes.

 

The sources used to prepare this work are discussed at Source Texts Used for Laws of Islam. They are:  the Holy Qur’an, the 9th century hadith collections of al-Bukhari and Muslim, The Distinguished Jurist’s Primer by the 12th century Islamic scholar Ibn Rushd, and two works of jurisprudence from the Shaf‛i school of Sunni Islam: Risala: Treatise on the Foundations of Islamic Jurisprudence by al-Shafi‛i and Reliance of the Traveller and Tools of the Worshipper by Ibn Naqib, dating from the 9th and 14th centuries respectively.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

1.  Introduction to the Laws of Islam Concerning Women and Men  

2.  Equality and Inequality of Women and Men

3.  Finding a Spouse  

4.  Wedding Practices

5.  Harmony and Discord in Marriage  

6.  Sex in Marriage

7.  Muhammad’s Marriages

8.  Children

9.  Divorce

10.  Widows

11.  Forbidden Sexual Acts

12. Accusation and Confession of Forbidden Sexual Acts

13.  Homosexuality

14.  Minor Restrictions on Sexual Acts

15.  Menstruation Restrictions

16.  Modesty

17.  Clothing Restrictions

18.  Personal Grooming

19.  Companions in Paradise

20.  Religious Acts Performed by Men and Women

21.  Inheritance by Men and Women

22.  Trials and Punishments of Men and Women

23.  Relations with Slaves

 

Source Texts Used for Laws of Islam

 

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Laws of Religion is a project of the Religion Research Society.

 

Updated October 17, 2016